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英国移民计分系统初览
wtw(2007/8/21 2:29:08)  点击:20957  回复:0  
The system is likely to be similar to those used in Australia and the US

A new points-based immigration system for workers who want to come to the UK from outside the EU has been unveiled by the Home Secretary Charles Clarke.

The scheme is designed to make it easier for highly skilled, younger workers to enter the country.

But it will be harder for low-skilled, non-EU workers to head to Britain.

Mr Clarke says the system will simplify immigration. But Conservative spokesman Damian Green thinks the government will struggle to make it work.

Doctors welcome

Like similar regimes in Australia and the US, points would be earned for factors such as qualifications, work experience and language skills.
A certain number of points would be needed to be considered for a work visa, awarded for aptitude, age, experience, and the level of need in each sector.

Highly skilled workers such as doctors, engineers and IT experts would get the most points under the system, due in place from mid-2007 at the earliest.

They will be the only group able to come to Britain without a job offer.

But skilled workers, like nurses, teachers and plumbers would be able to come to the UK if they can plug shortages in the workforce.

A person applying as a low-skilled worker would be granted entry to fill specific job vacancies for fixed periods, with guarantees that they will leave at the end of their stay.

Clear route

Other applicants would include students and special sectors such as sports people and employees of international companies based in the UK, plus visiting workers - such as musicians or those on working holiday visas.

Low skilled workers, students and visitors would only be allowed entry if their home country has a formal agreement with Britain.

The points system was first announced in February last year, but Mr Clarke unveiled the details on Tuesday.

He said the new regime would simplify the movement of people into and out of Britain and replace 80 different routes into the country.

It would work in partnership with employers and universities, and in conjunction with the introduction of biometric visas, resident's permits and passports, he said.

"The precise reason for this points-based system is instead of this very complex set of routes we have a very clear route," Mr Clarke told BBC Radio 4's Today programme.

"People will be able to apply online and fill in the forms. We will have a much better control of the situation."

'Chaotic system'

Damian Green said the Tories had been calling for a points-based system for a long time - but he had doubts that the government and the Home Office was "competent" enough to run it.

"There is a long history of headline-grabbing initiatives from the Home Office where they have talked tough on immigration and the delivery doesn't come," he said.

"What we have got at the moment is a fairly chaotic system where the government doesn't seem to be in possession of even the most basic facts.

"It can't tell us even to within 200,000 how many people are living in this country illegally."

The government wants an advisory board to decide which skills are most needed.

Danny Sriskandarajah, from the Institute from Public Policy Research, said the scheme would only work if it was flexible enough to find the right workers for the right jobs.

Habib Rahman, chief executive of the Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants, said denying unskilled migrants the chance to work legally in the UK could "create a workforce ripe for abuse by exploitative employers".
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